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Legalizing Crime

March 22nd, 2022

The state has a monopoly on behaviour usually deemed criminal. It murders, kidnaps, and locks up people. Sovereignty has come to be identified with the unbridled – and exclusive – exercise of violence. The emergence of modern international law has narrowed the field of permissible conduct. A sovereign can no longer commit genocide or ethnic cleansing with impunity, for instance.

Many acts – such as the waging of aggressive war, the mistreatment of minorities, the suppression of the freedom of association – hitherto sovereign privilege, have thankfully been criminalized. Many politicians, hitherto immune to international prosecution, are no longer so. Consider Yugoslavia’s Milosevic and Chile’s Pinochet.

But, the irony is that a similar trend of criminalization – within national legal systems – allows governments to oppress their citizenry to an extent previously unknown. Hitherto civil torts, permissible acts, and common behaviour patterns are routinely criminalized by legislators and regulators. Precious few are decriminalized.

Consider, for instance, the criminalization in the Economic Espionage Act (1996) of the misappropriation of trade secrets and the criminalization of the violation of copyrights in the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (2000) – both in the USA. These used to be civil torts. They still are in many countries. Drug use, common behaviour in England only 50 years ago – is now criminal. The list goes on.

Criminal laws pertaining to property have malignantly proliferated and pervaded every economic and private interaction. The result is a bewildering multitude of laws, regulations statutes, and acts.

The average Babylonian could have memorizes and assimilated the Hammurabic code 37 centuries ago – it was short, simple, and intuitively just.

English criminal law – partly applicable in many of its former colonies, such as India, Pakistan, Canada, and Australia – is a mishmash of overlapping and contradictory statutes – some of these hundreds of years old – and court decisions, collectively known as “case law”.

Despite the publishing of a Model Penal Code in 1962 by the American Law Institute, the criminal provisions of various states within the USA often conflict. The typical American can’t hope to get acquainted with even a negligible fraction of his country’s fiendishly complex and hopelessly brobdignagian criminal code. Such inevitable ignorance breeds criminal behaviour – sometimes inadvertently – and transforms many upright citizens into delinquents.

In the land of the free – the USA – close to 2 million adults are behind bars and another 4.5 million are on probation, most of them on drug charges. The costs of criminalization – both financial and social – are mind boggling. According to “The Economist”, America’s prison system cost it $54 billion a year – disregarding the price tag of law enforcement, the judiciary, lost product, and rehabilitation.

What constitutes a crime? A clear and consistent definition has yet to transpire.

There are five types of criminal behaviour: crimes against oneself, or “victimless crimes” (such as suicide, abortion, and the consumption of drugs), crimes against others (such as murder or mugging), crimes among consenting adults (such as incest, and in certain countries, homosexuality and euthanasia), crimes against collectives (such as treason, genocide, or ethnic cleansing), and crimes against the international community and world order (such as executing prisoners of war). The last two categories often overlap.

Reputation Management is the Answer How Your Business Is Perceived

March 1st, 2022

Is it true that you are keen on finding out about dealing with your standing? Have you been searching for accommodating and solid data? Indeed, this article will ensure you get a few strong ideas. It will assist you with sorting out some way to more readily deal with your standing.

Posting data via online media locales is essential to your business’ standing. You should post a few times each week at any rate to actually run an advertising effort. Assuming you see that posting via online media locales is overpowering, consider recruiting an aide to make your posts for you.

At the point when individuals invest in some opportunity to offer something about your business, it is vital that you are sufficiently gracious to answer. While you might be an extremely bustling individual, it shows your crowd that you really care about them and what they need to say. This is imperative to keep a consistent client base.

At the point when you talk with your crowd, ensure that you do as such in a conversational tone. Individuals try to avoid the possibility of entrepreneurs continuously addressing them with promoting to them. While you would like to make a deal, you ought to never cause a client to feel like this is your main concern.

Be grateful. Assuming somebody leaves a decent audit about your organization, send them an individual message and express gratitude toward them for their criticism. On the off chance that conceivable, send your client a coupon for a specific percent off on their next buy as a much obliged. In the event that this is preposterous, earnestly say thanks to them for their input.

Assuming you will utilize anybody’s thoughts, you ought to constantly make a point to give them credit for that. Everybody out there can advance a little from others, so giving due credit will show individuals that you don’t think you are over that. This is an extraordinary method for getting their appreciation.

On the off chance that you own a business, treat your representatives consciously. Any other way, you might foster a negative standing as an entrepreneur. Certain individuals won’t give you business as a result of it.